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At Storyboard That, we have come up with lots of fun ways to incorporate storyboarding into the classroom after reading. However, teachers emailed and asked for activities that students can take part in while reading. So, we are proud to present a chapter summary activity, the Chapter Recap. It's great to watch a story unfold, and now students can create a storyboard that shows what happened in each chapter, as they are reading. It's like a comic strip version of the novel!

Our Recommended Lesson Plan for Chapter Summaries

Overview of the Lesson

Summaries play a crucial role in helping students understand important plot points and development. With a chapter recap, students will recognize important characters, along with their traits and motivations, note important details of setting, and track rising action through events of high tension. When students depict these items for their chapter recap, they will understand the plot line and often make critical reading discoveries that will lead to deeper understanding.

Grade Level: 3-12


Although this lesson can be used for multiple grade levels, below are Common Core State Standards for Grades 9-10. Please see your Common Core State Standards for the correct, grade-appropriate strands.

  • ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.1: Cite strong and thorough textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text
  • ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.3: Analyze how complex characters (e.g., those with multiple or conflicting motivations) develop over the course of a text, interact with other characters, and advance the plot or develop the theme
  • ELA-Literacy.SL.9-10.4: Present information, findings, and supporting evidence clearly, concisely, and logically such that listeners can follow the line of reasoning and the organization, development, substance, and style are appropriate to purpose, audience, and task
  • ELA-Literacy.SL.9-10.5: Make strategic use of digital media (e.g., textual, graphical, audio, visual, and interactive elements) in presentations to enhance understanding of findings, reasoning, and evidence and to add interest


Introduction: 10 minutes. The activity is continued for the duration of the novel. We approximate that each cell should take 10-25 minutes to complete. The time ranges by age, reading level, and complexity of the text.

Lesson Specific Essential Questions

  1. How do characters, events, and action drive a plot?
  2. Why is it important to know and follow a main character's traits and motivations?
  3. How can students avoid becoming confused by events, settings, and characters?


Students will be able to read, take away, and recall important events, characters, and action of a chapter in a novel. Students will then be able to assess what was most important for the chapter and depict it visually.

Anticipated Student Preconceptions/Misconceptions

When completing a chapter recap, students may need an explanation from the teacher on what a “recap” consists of. Students should be expected to summarize the most important part of the chapter, but not in a detailed chapter summary. The main idea is to get students to create one cell for each chapter; therefore, they must keep the information brief.

Before Reading

Before students create their chapter recap, it is a good idea to model what is expected. Using the Silas Marner example, show students what a finished product looks like. Teachers may also want to do Chapter 1 of the recap for students, on the worksheet provided. Alternatively, teachers may decide to do the first chapter in class together.

  • Give students the chapter recap activity worksheet you wish them to complete.

During Reading

While reading, students will continue to create recaps after each chapter, or after every five chapters, as instructed by the teacher. Using Storyboard That’s slideshow feature, it is easy to share and show off chapter recaps as students are creating them. Using this to review before a test or quiz is also a great way to reinforce events in a novel.

After Reading

After reading, have students compare their completed work with a classmate. This makes for an excellent study guide for a test, or ask students to complete a writing assignment based on an event from the novel!

Add a Presentation

To couple this assignment with a presentation, see our article on how to present a storyboard.

Chapter Recap Activity Template

Related Activities

Check out these chapter summary activities below! One is the example above of Silas Marner. The others are from our Novel Study from the book, As Brave as You and from our guides on Stuart Little, The Watsons Go To Birmingham - 1963, The Stories Julian Tells and Cowgirl Kate and Cocoa.

How to Teach Students to Identify Key Elements in a Chapter


Introduce The Concept Of Key Elements

Explain to students that key elements are the important components of a chapter that drive the story or convey essential information. Provide examples of key elements, such as main events, significant characters, important settings, and major conflicts.


Model The Process

Choose a chapter from a text and model the process of identifying key elements. Think aloud as you read, highlighting and discussing the elements that you consider crucial to understanding the chapter.


Guided Practice

Engage students in guided practice by reading a chapter together as a class. Pause at various points and ask students to identify and discuss the key elements they notice. Provide prompts and guiding questions to support their thinking and encourage active engagement.


Independent Practice

Assign students to read a chapter independently and identify the key elements. Encourage them to take notes or create a graphic organizer to record their findings. Provide feedback and clarification as needed.


Collaborative Discussion

Facilitate small-group or whole-class discussions where students can share their identified key elements. Encourage students to justify their choices and engage in respectful debates about differing interpretations.


Reflection And Extension

Prompt students to reflect on the significance of the identified key elements in understanding the chapter. Encourage them to make connections between the key elements and the larger themes or messages of the text. Provide extension activities, such as analyzing how the key elements contribute to character development or plot progression.

Frequently Asked Questions about Chapter Summary Activity

What is the Chapter Recap activity?

The Chapter Recap activity is a way for students to create a storyboard that shows what happened in each chapter of a novel they are reading. It helps students recognize important characters, along with their traits and motivations, note important details of the setting, and track rising action through events of high tension.

What grade levels is the Chapter Recap suitable for?

The Chapter Recap activity can be used for students in grades 3-12. However, the complexity of the text and the time it takes to complete each cell may vary depending on the reading level and age of the students.

How can teachers use the Chapter Recap to assess student learning?

Teachers can use the Chapter Recap to assess student learning by reviewing the completed storyboards and evaluating how well students have understood and depicted the most important events, characters, and themes of the novel. Additionally, teachers can use the completed storyboards as a study guide for tests or as a basis for writing assignments.

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